BREATHING EXERCISE AS PRENATAL EDUCATION IN PRIMIGRAVIDA WOMEN AND ITS EFFECT ON FIRST AND SECOND STAGES OF LABOUR PAIN


Abstract
Aims. The aim of the present research was to study the Breathing Exercise as Prenatal Education in Primigravida Women and Its Effect on First and Second Stages of Labour Pain. Methods. Present Behavioral Intensity (PBI), State Anxiety Inventory (SAI) and the Self-Report Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and Three Types of Breathing Exercises were used to assess variables under study. Data was collected from (n=140) Primigravida. Experimental research design was used in the present study. Results. Findings showed there were significant differences between the two groups (First Stage and Second Stage) regarding the mean State Anxiety Inventory. The results of assessment revealed that the pain score by visual analogue scale every 30 minutes, indicated the mothers in study group have significantly a lower mean score (6.72) than those in control group (9.36) (P=0.001). Conclusions. The level of pain in each group was increased during the process of labor, but more less in study group than control group in which the pain reaches approximately maximum level of pain score.
Keywords: Breathing Exercise, Prenatal Education, Primigravida Women, First and Second Stages of Labor Pain.