BREATHING EXERCISE AS PRENATAL EDUCATION IN PRIMIGRAVIDA WOMEN AND ITS EFFECT ON DURATION OF 1ST AND 2ND STAGE OF LABOR


Aims. The aim of the present research was to study the Breathing Exercise as Prenatal Education in Primigravida Women and Its Effect on Duration of First and Second Stage of Labour Pain. Methods. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and Three Types of Breathing Exercises were used to assess duration of 1st and 2nd stages of labour pain. Data was collected from (n=140) Primigravida. Experimental research design was used in the present study. Results. Findings showed the mean age of the participants was (23.2 ± 4.2) (range: 18 to 42) years. The mean visual analogue scale scores of breathing exercise as prenatal educations were (88.2 ± 6.3) and (90.5 ± 7.0), respectively (P < 0.001). The duration of the first stage of labor was (369.6 ± 92.0) s and for second stage of labor pain was (440.7 ± 142.5) respectively (P < 0.001). Conclusions. Based on this study, breathing exercises with deep inhalation and exhalation in pregnant women are effective in reducing the perception of labor pain and shortening the duration of the first and second stage of delivery. Therefore, we recommend breathing exercises as an effective modality for labor pain management and shortening the duration of labor.
Keywords: Breathing Exercise, Prenatal Education, Primigravida, Duration of First and Second Stage of Labor Pain.