THREE IRANIAN COMPOSERS IN DIASPORA: MUSIC IDENTITY IN A CROSS-CULTURAL CONTEXT


In this paper I will discuss how Iranian composers Andre Hossein (1905-1983), Alireza Mashayekhi (1940) and Behzad Ranjbaran (1955) imitated Persian instrumental characteristics, or derived knowledge consciously or unconsciously from performing styles, melodic patterns and musical modes without literally imitating specific genres or idioms of Persian music. I will also compare how these composers incorporated folk references with similar approaches in other Western art music by Franz Liszt, Bela Bartók, Claude Debussy and Toru Takemitsu in relation to other folk traditions.