THE METHODOLOGY FOR THE ANALYSIS OF MUSICAL WORKS IN WESTERN EUROPEAN AND RUSSIAN MUSICOLOGY: TRADITIONS AND CONTEMPORARY LEADING VECTORS


The discipline “Analisys of musical works” counts over two hundred years. The study subject of this discipline changes in due course. If in the 19th century theory of Analisys developed towards schematization of forms, in the 20th century deep comprehension of the individual character and peculiarities, originality of musical work became a pressinf issue. This tendency especially developed in the 20th century. The discipline of Analisys diverts its focus from the ascertainment of a form-scheme to the problems of musical thinking and wia this to the phenomenon of human idea generally. In the process of analisys “form-structure” is replaced by the new concept “Analytical form”, universal understanding of the musical form, which ecompasses all parameters of musical-artistic thinking. New goals goals of the discipline demanded new methodology. New works are presented in the genre of research, where musical form is studied not only as a particular type of structure, but also as a dramaturgical principle and is considered in the prism of era, style and genre peculiarities, semiotic meaning of music lexemes and the semantics of musical works, which is hidden in music and needs to be brought to the surface.