“MELOS” CONCEPT OF POLYPHONY AND FORMS OF ITS REVEALING IN OLD GEORGIAN PROFESSIONAL MUSIC


The paper discusses Organization principles of the multipart texture of Georgian chant basing on the “melos” concept proposed by prominent Russian musicologist Yulia Evdokimova, focuses on the interrelation of horizontal and vertical parameters of chant tissue, shown on the example of different style chants (simple, ornamented, “Chreli” (florid, embellished). The paper presents examples of “melos” polyphony in other church traditions and shows similarities and differences with Georgian chant. In conclusion, it marks out that, the examples of old Georgian professional music maintained specific features at all stages of development and in all forms of polyphony, which is manifested in permanent coordination of the other voice parts with the melodic line in top part, on the one hand, and in independent development and equality of voices on the other hand.