PHOTOCURRENT ENHANCEMENT OF SPIN COATED CDS THIN FILMS BY ADDING CU


Cu2+ added CdS films were synthesized using spin coating technique at different spin speeds for different time durations. Films were subsequently annealed at different temperatures for different time periods in air to crystallize the phase of CdS in thin film form. Films were characterized using XRD, UV- visible spectrometer and solar simulator. According to XRD patterns, addition of trace amount of Cu didn’t change the structure of CdS. However, the optical band gap gradually decreases with percentage of Cu as expected. As a result, the photocurrent, fill factor and efficiency measured in KI/I2 electrolyte gradually increase with the amount of Cu. Photovoltaic properties could be improved without altering the structure of CdS. Efficiency enhanced CdS films find potential applications in solar cell industry.