NEUTRINO OSCILLATIONS IN EXTERNAL FIELDS IN CURVED SPACETIME


We study spin and flavor oscillations of neutrinos under the influence of gravitational waves (GWs). First, we consider neutrino spin oscillations in nonmoving and unpolarized matter, a transverse magnetic field, and a plane GW. We show that a parametric resonance can take place in this system. We also study neutrino flavor oscillations in GWs. The equation for the density matrix of flavor neutrinos is solved when we discuss the neutrino interaction with stochastic GWs emitted by coalescing supermassive black holes. We find the fluxes of cosmic neutrinos, undergoing flavor oscillations in such a gravitational background, which can be potentially measured by a terrestrial detector. Some astrophysical applications of our results are considered.